If you happened to pop on to this page, WELCOME!
The usual disclaimer about being a work-in-progress, ugly as it is. But, this one’s a wee bit different. This is mostly for fun. In doing research for The Theory of Evil-ution vs the Myth-ology of Creationism posts, I kept running into weird creatures that I’d forgotten were even in the “Holey Scriptures”. I got a bit curious about all of them, so I figured it’d be fun to do a post on them.
I’m currently working on two series: “The Religious Wrong” and “The War on Women“. (Hey, three shameless plugs already and I’m not even out of the disclaimer yet.) Now, I gotta tell ya, doing blog research can get a bit tedious. I want to get my facts straight, even if my snarks misfire. Since both those series, especially TWoW, can to be a bit on the heavy side, I’m going to do this one as a bit of release.
So, enjoy. And, if you know of any “interesting creatures” that I am missing, let me know.
Key of Solomon This grimoire dates back to the 13 or 1400’s and the Italian Renaissance. (I’m pretty sure Solomon was long dead by that time.)
33 And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.
The Anakim were polydactyles (six-fingered) offspring of Anak and were reputed to be HUGE. The Israelites considered them descendants of the Nephillim, a race of giants that lived back before
Utnapishtim’s, excuse me, Noah’s Flood. (Well, the Utnapishtim saga does pre-date the Noah version.) See “The Theory of Evil-ution vs The Myth-ology of Creationism (pt 2)“. Of course, if they are descendants, of the Nephillim, how did they survive the “flood”? Stowaways or playing “snugglebunnies” with one of Noah’s family, perhaps?
In Joshua’s time the Anakim lived around Hebron, until he kicked them farther south around Gaza. David ran into them a couple of times, the most famous being the fight with Goliath. Then there was the 2nd encounter in 2 Samuel 21:15-22 in which four of them were slain, but not by David. It seems he “waxed faint” (chickened out) and his men told him “Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel“.
Angels Biblical Mythology
21 Then the angel of the Lord put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the Lord departed out of his sight.
22 And when Gideon perceived that he was an angel of the Lord, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord God! for because I have seen an angel of the Lord face to face.
Angels are found in many religions but all describe them in the same way. In Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism, angels, as attendants or guardians to man, typically act as messengers from God.
Angelology is a branch of theology that deals with a hierarchical system of angels, messengers, celestial powers or emanations, and the study of these systems. It primarily relates to Kabbalistic Judaism and Christianity, where it is one of the ten major branches of theology, albeit an often neglected one. Some secular scholars believe that Judeo-Christianity owes a great debt to Zoroastrianism in regards to the introduction of angelology and demonology, as well as the fallen angel Satan as the ultimate agent of evil, comparing him to the evil spirit Ahriman. The Iranian Avestan and Vedic traditions and other branches of Indo-European mythologies show, the notion of demons had existed long before.
Angels often appear to people in the shape of humans of extraordinary beauty, and often are not immediately recognized as angels (Genesis 18:2, Genesis 19:5; Judges 6:17, Judges 8:6; 1 Samuel 29:9). Some fly through the air, some become invisible, sacrifices touched by some are consumed by fire, and some may disappear in sacrificial fire. Angels, or the Angel, appeared in the flames of the thorn-bush (Genesis 16:13; 2 Kings 2:11; Exodus 3:2). They are described as pure and bright as Heaven; consequently, they are said to be formed of fire, and encompassed by light, as the Psalmist said (Psalm 104:4):
“He makes winds His messengers, burning fire His ministers.”
Some verses in the Apocrypha/Deuterocanonical works depict angels wearing blue or red robes but no such reference occurs in the Protestant books. Though superhuman, angels can assume human form; this is the earliest conception. Gradually, and especially in post-Biblical times, angels came to be imagined in a form corresponding to the nature of the mission to be fulfilled—generally, however, the human form. Angels can be depicted bearing drawn swords or other weapons in their hands—one carries an ink-horn by his side—and ride on horses (Numbers 22:23, Joshua 5:13, Ezekiel 9:2, Zechariah 1:8 et seq.). A terrible angel mentioned in 1 Chronicles 21:16,30, as standing “between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand”. In the Book of Daniel, reference is made to an angel “clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz: his body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in color to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude” (Daniel 10:5-6). This imagery is very similar to a description in the book of Revelation. Angels are thought by many to possess wings. This has arisen from references to their ability to fly (Daniel 9:21). Both cherubim and seraphim are depicted with wings in the Bible, and they are both traditionally associated within both the Jewish and Christian hierarchy of angels.
The 32d spirit in order is called Asmoday. he is a great king, strong & powerfull, he appeareth wth 3 heads, whereof ye first is like a Bull The second like a Man, The third like a Ram, [he appeareth also] wth a serpents Taile, Belching or vomitting up flames of fire out of his mouth his feet are webed like a Goose, he sitteth on an Infernall dragon carring a Launce and a flagg in his hands, he is ye first & chifiest under ye power of Amaymon, & goeth before all others: when the [105r] Exorcist hath a mind to call him, lett it be abroad, and lett him stand on his feet all ye Time of action, wth his cap of [off], for if it be on, Amaymon will deceive him and cause all his doeing to be bewrayed, But as soone as ye Exorist [Exorcist] seeth Asmoday in ye shape aforesaid, he shall call him by his Name, saying, thou art Asmoday, & he will not deny it; & by & by he will bow down to ye ground &c he giveth ye Ring of vertues he teacheth ye art of Arithmitic, geomitry, Astronomy and all [other] handicrafts absolutely; he giveth full & True answares to yr demands, he maketh a man Invisible, he showeth ye place where Treasures layeth, and guardeth it if it be among ye Legion of Amaymon, he governeth 72 Legions of Inferiour spirits, his seal is thus to be made and worne as a Lamen before [thee] on your Breast.
The Ars Goetia: The Lesser Key of Solomon the King
1 Enoch 60:7-8
Demon of lust and gluttony
Shape : elephant or hippopotamus, a cat
Rank : a headwaiter, or the caretaker of wine cellars of Hell
Origin : Egyptian deity Taueret.
Myths : One of the first monster created by God to guard the Earth
Magic : “his strength is in his loins, and his force is in the navel of his belly”
Association : Leviathan
Jermiah 8:17 – “For, behold, I will send serpents, cockatrices, among you, which will not be charmed, and they shall bite you, saith the Lord.”
Isaiah 11:8 – “And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice’ den.”
Isaiah 59:5 – “They hatch cockatrice’ eggs, and weave the spider’s web: he that eateth of their eggs dieth, and that which is crushed breaketh out into a viper.”
The Cockatrice is a horrific, nightmarish creature with the funniest name ever. It’s a two-legged dragon with a rooster’s head, and it has the ability to instantly kill a human being just by looking at him. The cockatrice is very similar to the mythical Basilisk, with the exception that the Cockatrice has wings. Other than that, they’re virtually the same mythical creature. Cockatrices hatch from eggs that are laid by a chicken and then incubated by a toad or snake. Cockatrice and Basilisk mythology didn’t really become commonplace until the 12th century, so the appearance of the Cockatrice in The Bible is probably a case of mistranslation, or a utilization of 12th century terminology for something that, in Biblical times, may have been more abstract or mysterious.
Jeremiah 8:17 – “For, behold, I will send serpents, cockatrices among you, which will not be charmed, and they shall bite you, saith the Lord.” A cockatrice, pictured at right, is another mythological creature. It is supposed to be a serpent that can kill just by looking at someone.
Eligos (Abigor, Eligor) Jewish Demonology
Eligos (also Abigor or Eligor) is a Great Duke of Hell, ruling 60 legions of demons. He discovers hidden things and knows the future of wars and how soldiers should meet. He also attracts the favor of lords, knights and other important persons.
He is depicted in the form of a goodly knight carrying a lance, an ensign and a sceptre (a serpent to Aleister Crowley).
Alternatively he is depicted as a ghostly spectre, sometimes riding a semi-skeletal (sometimes winged) horse, or the Steed of Abigor. This is a minion of Hell itself, and was a gift from Beelzebub. It was created from the remains of one of the horses of The Garden of Eden.
He’s still around as is evidenced by his guest appearance in the movie “Ghost Rider”. (Not to worry, Nick Cage destroys him.)
4 The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, the men of renown.
Abalam, or as he’s known in Ars Goetia, Paimon is one of the Kings of Hell.
- Amon(Aamon) (Christian demonology)
- Abaddon (Christian demonology)
- Abalam (Christian demonology)
- Abraxas (Gnosticism)
- Abyzou (Jewish mythology)
- Agaliarept (Jewish mythology)
- Agares (Christian demonology)
- Agiel (Jewish mythology)
- Aim (Christian demonology)
- Alastor (Christian demonology)
- Alloces (Christian demonology)
- Amaymon (Christian demonology)
- Amdusias (Christian demonology)
- Amy (Christian demonology)
- Andras (Christian demonology)
- Andrealphus (Christian demonology)
- Andromalius (Christian demonology)
- Antichrist (Christian demonology)
- Apollyon (Christian demonology)
- Armaros (Christian demonology)
- Asag (Sumerian mythology)
- Asb’el (Jewish mythology)
- Asmodai/Asmodeus (Jewish folklore and Christian demonology)
- Astaroth (Christian demonology)
Baphomet (Demon, or image/idol thereof)
Titivillus (Christian demonology)
Numbers 21:6 we find the lord of the Bible sending “fiery serpents” to torment the people. “And the Lord sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.”
Job 40 – “Behold now behemoth, which I made with thee; he eateth grass as an ox…He moveth his tail like a cedar…His bones are as strong pieces of brass; his bones are like bars of iron…his nose pierceth through snares.”
It turns out Creationists are right: according to The Bible, dinosaurs and people did exist at the same time…maybe. The Bible verse above (Job 40) is the verse that’s most frequently cited by Creationists, and to their credit it really sounds like it’s describing a triceratops dinosaur. The Bible’s “behemoth” is an enormous herbivore who has a tail as big as a tree, huge bones, and horns on his nose. That sure sounds like a triceratops to me.
Job 41 – “Canst thou draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord which thou lettest down? Canst thou put an hook into his nose?…Out of his mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire leap out. Out of his nostrils goeth smoke, as out of a seething pot or caldron. His breath kindleth coals, and a flame goeth out of his mouth.”
Unlike the other mythical beasts on this list, the Leviathan originated in the Bible. There are recordings of sea monsters all through history, but The Bible is the first to give one of those beasts the name “Leviathan”, and The Book of Job contains an immense passage (Job 41) that’s solely devoted to describing the Leviathan, a giant sea-dwelling dragon. It’s described as being covered in impenetrable scales and breathing fire. Drawing from this explicit biblical shout out, many other cultures and religions adopted the name Leviathan for their mythical sea monster, a servant to the Devil, or (in the case of Demonology) one of the guardians of the Gates of Hell.
A satyr is a creature of Greek mythology. It is supposed to be a man with a goat’s legs, ears and horns.
Isaiah 13:21 “But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there.”
saiah 13:21 – “But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there.”
Isaiah 34:14 – “But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there.”
Satyrs are hairy, horned creatures with the bottom half of a goat and the upper half of a man. Oh, and they’re also incredibly horny. The Bible describes Satyrs as evil creatures or demons who live in the wilderness, and this is likely because the Biblical use of “Satyr” is actually a misinterpretation of the Se’irim, a much scarier creature from Hebrew folklore. Se’irim are nasty, hairy demons that are said to inhabit “waste places”, which either means deserts or sewage treatment facilities. Either way, these things are nasty, and Biblical texts suggest that they not only existed, but that people were fairly familiar with them.
Isaiah 34:7 “And the unicorns shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls, and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat with fatness.”
The Bible mentions Unicorns 9 times (Numbers 23:22, Numbers 24:8, Deuteronomy 33:17, Job 39:9-10, Psalms 22:21, Psalms 29:6, Psalms 92:10, Isaiah 34:7). Some newer translations have replaced “Unicorn” with “Wild Ox”, and some historians speculate that Unicorns were often mistaken reports of rhinoceroses. The Bible’s use of Unicorns usually comes in the form of analogies that use the Unicorn’s reported strength, purity, and good virtue in comparisons.
John 6:53-57 – Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise them up at the last day. For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in them. Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live forever because of me.”
There are many passages in The Bible that talk about eating flesh and drinking blood. Most of these verses are metaphorical; Jesus often spoke of “eating his flesh” and “drinking his blood” as a metaphor for absorbing his spirit, or being more like him. But there are also a few references to vampirism that were removed from the original Biblical texts during translations, because the passages and stories didn’t fit, according to the text’s transcribers. One such instance occurs in an extended “director’s cut” version of The Book of Genesis. In this passage, Eve has a dream in which she sees one of her sons, Cain, murdering and drinking the blood of her other son, Abel. Of course, Cain later committed the first murder when jealousy drove him to kill his brother Abel, and this dream may have been a prophetic foresight on the part of Eve.
Matthew 27:52 – “And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.”
Zecharia 14:12 – “And the Lord will send a plague on all the nations that fought against Jerusalem. Their people will become like walking corpses, their flesh rotting away. Their eyes will rot in their sockets, and their tongues will rot in their mouths.”
Like it or not, the Bible is kind of based around things dying and then coming back to life. Jesus was totally a zombie. Lazarus was a zombie. There are plenty of zombies in The Bible to go around. But with the exception of a few biblical zombie moments, most of the zombie shout outs are bad. Really bad. Many zombie scholars (yeah, that exists) suggest that the biblical prophets may have foreseen some type of zombie bio-weapon apocalypse scenario in the distant future, but they simply didn’t understand the science behind it all.